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NFPA 2112 Standards to Reduce Flash Fire Injuries

Standard on Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire

Edition: 2012


The NFPA 2112 standard shall provide minimum requirements for the design, construction, evaluation, and certification of flame-resistant garments for use by industrial personnel, with the intent of not contributing to the burn injury of the wearer, providing a degree of protection to the wearer, and reducing the severity of burn injuries resulting from short-duration thermal exposures or accidental exposure to flash fires.


The NFPA 2112 standard shall specify the minimum performance requirements and test methods for flame-resistant fabrics and components and the design and certification requirements for garments for use in areas at risk from flash fires.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. What is NFPA 2112? The National Fire Protection Association 2112 Standard provides minimum requirements for the design, construction, evaluation, and certification of flame-resistant garments for use by industrial personnel. It does not attempt to provide any guidance on matching the PPE to the quantified hazard – that is what NFPA 2113 is designed for.
  2. Are all industrial fires three seconds or less? Short duration fires are a rare exception. Open the newspaper, turn on the TV or visit a web site such as U.S. Chemical Safety Board to see firsthand evidence of just how extensive fires usually are when they occur at manufacturing, chemical and petroleum-based industrial sites. Three seconds is a performance specification that is only used to qualify a garment as FR. It has nothing to do with establishing the correct level of PPE workers need in your particular fire hazard environment.
  3. What minimum percent body burn is required to pass NFPA 2112 testing? For a garment to pass NFPA 2112 testing, it must exhibit 50 percent or less total predicted body burn using a standardized burn injury model.
  4. Is a garment that generates a 50-percent predicted body burn from a standardized model acceptable to your organization? If not, then you need to look beyond NFPA 2112 compliance and evaluate garment systems for their actual performance levels and not simply a pass/fail criteria based on the 50-percent predicted skin burn injury model.
  5. If a garment carries an NFPA 2112 “pass” rating does it mean it will protect you workers adequately or meet applicable OSHA regulations? There are no short cuts – do the homework, generate the data, and work with garment providers to understand what type of garments or garment systems will provide the levels of protection required.